Pome and Stone Fruits
Pome fruits consist of a core of several seeds surrounded by a tough membrane. The two most economically important pome fruits are apples and pears which are grown commercially across all countries with a warm or temperate climate. According to FAO statistics up to 4.69 million hectares of apples and 1.57 million hectares of pears are grown worldwide.
Stone fruits are fleshy fruits with a large and hardened seed. Stone fruits are all members of the plant genus Prunus and includes peaches, nectarines, plums, almonds, apricots and cherries. It is estimated that over 40 million hectares of stone fruits are grown globally.
Citrus and Tropical Fruits
Members of the plant genus Citrus are commonly termed citrus fruits. The most economically important citrus fruits include orange, lemon, lime and grapefruit. According to FAO statistics, over 9 miillion hectares are dedicated to growing citrus fruits, contributing to over 128 million tonnes of fruit across the globe.
Other tropical fruits covered in this section include avacado, banana, kiwi, mango, guava, papaya and pineapple.
Vineyards & Berry Fruits
Over 7.5 million hectares of land is currently devoted to grape production worldwide, with approximately 71 % of the produce being used for wine. Most grape varieties originate from Vitis vinifera, the European grapevine which is native to the Mediterranean region and central Asia.
The Berry Fruits include a range of economically important crops, including strawberry, raspberry, blackcurrant, blueberry and gooseberry. It is estimated that over 1.8 million acres of land worldwide is used for berry cultivation, producing over 6.3 million tonnes of fresh fruit and processed products.
Olives are fruit produced from trees belonging to the family Oleaceae. Native to Mediterranean basin, it is now grown in Northern Africa, Europe, Australia, South America and North America.
In 2011, up to 9.6 million hectares of land was harvested for olives producing up to 19.8 million tonnes (FAO Statistics).